October 17, 2018 - 4:15pm -- yoakam.1

A staggering 30.3 million people in the United States have diabetes, millions of which are undiagnosed. Diabetes is a condition where blood sugar (glucose) levels are higher than recommended for good health. Glucose is a type of sugar found in the foods we eat and is an important source of energy for the body. Sources of glucose in the diet include: breads, cereals, rice, noodles, fruits, starchy vegetables, dried beans (examples navy and pinto beans) and milk.  Insulin allows the body to use glucose for energy. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes, the majority of who are adults, do not have adequate amounts of insulin or the insulin they do have does not work as effectively. This results is elevated blood glucose levels and diabetes.

In addition to diabetes, prediabetes has become a major health concern in the United States.  Over 84 million Americans have prediabetes, a condition where blood sugar (glucose) levels are higher than normal, but are not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.  Because prediabetes is often without symptoms, most people are unaware they have it.  Testing for prediabetes and diabetes identifies those with the disease and allows healthcare professionals to manage the disease sooner. Lifestyle changes, which include weight loss, may help to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.  If diagnosed with diabetes, early treatment can help prevent long-term complications of the disease.

Please find below two links that can help determine if you are at risk for diabetes or prediabetes.

Diabetes Risk Test:

Prediabetes Risk Test:

WRITTEN BY: Joyce Riley, MS, RD, LD, Family and Consumer Sciences Educator, OSU Extension, Union County
REVIEWED BY: Daniel Remley, Associate Professor, Field Specialist, Food and Nutrition and Wellness, OSU Extension

Sources:
American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2018; 41 (Supplement 1): S13-S27. 
https://doi.org/10.2337/dc18-S002
American Diabetes Association (2018) Diabetes Risk Test.  http://www.diabetes.org/are-you-at-risk/diabetes-risk-test/
American Diabetes Association (2017) Prediabetes Risk Test. https://doihaveprediabetes.org/prediabetes-risk-test.html
Mayo Clinic (2018) Diabetes. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20371444
MedlinePlus National Institutes of Health (2018) Diabetes. https://medlineplus.gov/diabetes.html
National Diabetes Education Program (2018) Guiding Principles for the Care of People with or at Risk for Diabetes.  https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/communication-programs/ndep/health-professionals/guiding-principles-care-people-risk-diabetes
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (2016) Diabetes Tests & Diagnosis.  https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health- information/diabetes/overview/tests-diagnosis
WebMD (2016) Diagnosis of Diabetes.  https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/diagnosis-diabetes#1